Structural VS Functional Scoliosis

Generally, there are two broad categories in which scoliosis falls under: functional scoliosis and structural scoliosis. Determining which of the 2 ensures an appropriate course of treatment for the individual.

Structural scoliosis is when the bones in the spine have a rigid curve. This also involves rotation of the spinal discs. The condition is likely to progress over time if nothing is done. Majority of such cases have unknown causes, hence idiopathic. The condition may also be a result of nerve or muscle disorders(such as spina bifida, cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy).

Treatment depends on an individual’s circumstances, taking into account the severity and potential causes. It will largely involve affecting the spine, with extreme cases involving surgery. At Align Brace, we believe in early intervention to maximise gains from brace treatment. Bracing for scoliosis is effective*. As each brace is unique to cater for each individual’s curves; get in touch to see how we can help you and hear more about our success stories.


Functional scoliosis is a dynamic curve that is compensatory, postural, and transient. The curve may disappear with a change in posture. As such, the spine merely appears to curve. In actuality, this curve is the body naturally trying to compensate for an underlying problem. Ranging from leg length discrepancy to inflammation, correcting the problem effectively treats the scoliosis.

As the spine itself is not curved, regular scoliosis treatments does not apply. However, there are certain stretches and exercises that can help alleviate pain that comes about from this condition. Likewise there are also alternative therapies available for pain management. The best way remains to identify and correct what is causing the curve.

*Read more on BrAIST study here